Stratego - Wikipedia. This article is about the board game. For the computer programming language, see Stratego/XT. For the military officer, see Strategos.
Stratego is a strategyboard game for two players on a board of 1. Each player controls 4. The pieces have Napoleonicinsignia, possibly reminiscent of the Battle of Waterloo. The objective of the game is to find and capture the opponent's Flag, or to capture so many enemy pieces that the opponent cannot make any further moves. Stratego has simple enough rules for young children to play, but a depth of strategy that is also appealing to adults. The game is a slightly modified copy of an early 2. French game named L'Attaque.
It has been in production in Europe since WWII and the United States since 1. There are now 2- and 4- handed versions, versions with 1. There are also variant pieces and different rulesets. The International Stratego Federation, the game's governing body, sponsors an annual Stratego World Championship and Computer Stratego World Championship. The name Stratego.
TM was first registered in 1. Netherlands. The United States trademark was filed in 1.
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Jacques Johan Mogendorff and is presently owned by Koninklijke Jumbo B. V. It has been licensed to manufacturers like Milton Bradley, Hasbro and others, as well as retailers like Barnes & Noble, Target stores, etc. Stratego is from the French or Greekstrategos (var. The early sets featured painted wood pieces, later sets colored plastic. The pieces are small and roughly rectangular, 1.
Some versions have a cardboard privacy screen to assist setup. A few versions have wooden boxes or boards. Typically, color is chosen by lot: one player uses red pieces, and the other uses blue pieces. Before start of the game, players arrange their 4. The ranks are printed on one side only and placed so that the players cannot identify the opponent's pieces. Players may not place pieces in the lakes or the 1.
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Such pre- play distinguishes the fundamental strategy of particular players, and influences the outcome of the game. Gameplay. Each player moves one piece per turn. A player must move a piece in his turn; there is no . They are shown as lakes on the battlefield and serve as choke points to make frontal assaults less direct. The game can be won by capturing the opponent's Flag, or all of his moveable pieces. Note that it is possible to have ranked pieces that are not moveable because they are trapped behind bombs. There are several ways in which a draw can effectively result (though the rules do not indicate that a draw is a possible outcome): each Flag is surrounded by bombs and neither player has a miner, and there are insufficient number of moveable pieces or of insufficient rank for either player to corner and capture all of the opponent's moveable pieces; an opponent's Flag is exposed, but the player has only one moveable piece, the opponent has only one moveable piece but of a higher rank and it guards the Flag, so that it is impossible for the player to either capture the Flag or the higher ranked piece; there are a few .
If one piece strikes the other, both are removed, leaving no mobile pieces on the board. This may be defined as a draw. The average game has 3. The number of legal positions is 1. The number of possible games is 1.
However unlike those games where a single bad move at any point may result in loss of the game, most moves in Stratego are inconsequential. Rules of movement. A piece may not move onto a space occupied by a like color piece. Bomb and Flag pieces are not moveable. The Scout may move any number of spaces in a straight line (such as the rook in chess). In the older versions of Stratego the Scout could not move and strike in the same turn; in newer versions this was allowed.
Even before that, sanctioned play usually amended the original Scout movement to allow moving and striking in the same turn because it facilitates gameplay. No piece can move back and forth between the same two spaces for more than three consecutive turns. When the player wants to attack, they move their piece onto a square occupied by an opposing piece.
Both players then reveal their piece's rank; the weaker piece (see exceptions below) is removed from the board. If the engaging pieces are of equal rank, both are removed. A piece may not move onto a square already occupied unless it attacks. Two pieces have special attack powers. One special piece is the Bomb which only Miners can defuse. It immediately eliminates any other piece striking it, without itself being destroyed.
Each player also has one Spy, which succeeds only if it attacks the Marshal, or the Flag. If the Spy attacks any other piece, or is attacked by any piece (including the Marshal), the Spy is defeated. The original rules contained a provision that following a strike, the winning piece immediately occupies the space vacated by the losing piece. This makes sense when the winning piece belongs to the player on move, but no sense when the winning piece belongs to the player not on move. The latter part of the rule has been quietly ignored in most play. Recording the game.
The game is fast paced, no standard notation exists, and players keep their initial setups secret, so recording the game is impractical. Therefore, no recorded exemplary games (akin to master games in chess) exist. Strategy. In addition to calculated sequences of moves, this gives rise to aspects of battle psychology like concealment, bluffing, lying in wait and guessing. No exposition of the strategy of Stratego, either set up or game play, has been published. Classic pieces. There are seven immobile pieces - six Bombs and one Flag - and 3. From highest rank to lowest the pieces are: Rank. Piece. No. In one version, mobile pieces are allowed to .
In some variants like Stratego Waterloo and Fire and Ice Stratego, all or most of the pieces have substantially different moves; these are essentially different games. History. The patent was released by the French Patent Office in 1.